Messenger Over the past three weeks the ABC program Four Corners has presented special reports on American politics, which involved one of our best journalists, Sarah Ferguson, travelling to the US on special assignment. I watched these programs and I enjoyed them. But in part I enjoyed them because they covered ground that is already familiar. If the same effort had gone into bringing us in-depth special reports from, say, Jakarta or Mumbai they would have been less familiar, but perhaps more interesting.
Download these notes as a Powerpoint presentation PPT Like Australia, the United States has a system of government that enshrines the idea of indirect democracy. Like Australia, the American system is based on principles of political equality, majority rule and the preservation of minority rights.
The United States is the oldest continuing democracy in the world today and one of the first to embrace the idea of popular sovereignty. However, it is relatively unique in the world with its emphasis on ideas of personal liberty. Similarities Both are Federal systems Federal and State governments.
Both have a parliament called a congress in the US composed of two houses — a House of Representatives and a Senate. Both have a House that is popularly elected with electorate size determined by voting population.
Both have a Senate that represents the States equally — 2 senators per state in the US, 12 per state in Australia. Senators in both countries serve 6 year terms.
All legislation must be passed by both houses of parliament. Both have written constitutions which delineate the powers of the Federal Government.
After World War II, Australia was faced with many challenges. There was, as in many countries in the West, a fear of the spread of communism. As Australia drew closer ties with the United States, Australia participated in many wars overseas, such as Vietnam. Essays from BookRags provide great ideas for Politics of Australia essays and paper topics like Essay. View this student essay about Politics of Australia. The politics of Australia take place within the framework of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Australians elect parliamentarians to the federal Parliament of Australia, a bicameral body which incorporates elements of the fused executive inherited from the Westminster system.
Both have an independent judiciary Supreme Court in US, High Court in Australia which interprets the constitution and acts as a final court of appeals. Differences The US is a republic, whereas Australia is a constitutional monarchy. The US president is both head of state and head of government and is directly elected by the people.
In Australia, the government ministry, cabinet, executive is drawn from the parliamen and responsible to it, whereas in the US the Executive branch of government is independent of the congress and no person may be a member of congress and a minister simultaneously.
Members of the Australian House of Representatives serve a 3-year term whereas US members of the House serve a 2-year term. Half of the members of the Australian Senate face election every three years, whereas one-third of the US Senate is elected every two years.
In the event of a deadlock with the House, the Australian Senate can be dissolved and new senators chosen in a double dissolution election. The US Senate can never be dissolved.
Elections in the US are on set days for fixed terms, whereas an Australian Prime Minister may dissolve Parliament and call an early election. Electoral enrolment and voting is compulsory in Australia, but voluntary in the US. Party discipline is not as tight in the US as it is in Australia, leading to a situation where members of both parties will often form changing voting alliances on legislation.
In the US the Congress can over-ride a presidential veto.Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area.
The politics of Australia take place within the framework of a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy. Australians elect parliamentarians to the federal Parliament of Australia, a bicameral body which incorporates elements of the fused executive inherited from the Westminster system.
Essay about The Water Shortage in Australia - The Water Shortage in Australia First of all it is necessary to define what the term “water shortage” means.
For some people, it means having to constantly traverse long distances just to reach a source of fresh water and to collect it. Australian Foreign Affairs. A new triannual journal from the publisher of Quarterly Essay.
He previously worked at The Sydney Morning Herald, covering foreign affairs and politics from Canberra and Sydney.
Australia is increasingly affected by events beyond its borders, especially as global power and wealth shifts towards Asia. Friday essay: the politics of curry Crop insurance is designed to help farmers weather disasters such as Hurricane Irma, which devastated many Florida citrus farms in AP Photo/Tamara Lush.
The Australian political system has borrowed many aspects from the British system, as a consequence of the membership of the Commonwealth. The Parliament is extremely important in Australia, as it is the keystone of our system of representative democracy (Singleton ).