Belgium has a unique place in the history of migration in that it was the first among industrialized nations in Continental Europe to develop into an immigrant society. They were followed by Russians in the s and Germans in the s who were seeking a safe haven from persecution by totalitarian regimes. In the nineteenth century immigrants were to a larger extent integrated into Belgian society: This changed radically in the twentieth century; by the rights of aliens were severely curtailed, while those of Belgian citizens, in particular in the social domain, were extended.
Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. Revolution and the growth of industrial society, — Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events.
The French Revolution broke out inand its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades. World War I began in Its inception resulted from many trends in European society, cultureand diplomacy during the late 19th century.
In between these boundaries—the one opening a new set of trends, the other bringing long-standing tensions to a head—much of modern Europe was defined. Europe during this year span was both united and deeply divided. A number of basic cultural trends, including new literary styles and the spread of science, ran through the entire continent.
European states were increasingly locked in diplomatic interaction, culminating in continentwide alliance systems after At the same time, this was a century of growing nationalismin which individual states jealously protected their identities and indeed established more rigorous border controls than ever before.
Finally, the European continent was to an extent divided between two zones of differential development. Changes such as the Industrial Revolution and political liberalization spread first and fastest in western Europe—Britain, France, the Low CountriesScandinavia, and, to an extent, Germany and Italy.
Eastern and southern Europe, more rural at the outset of the period, changed more slowly and in somewhat different ways. Europe witnessed important common patterns and increasing interconnections, but these developments must be assessed in terms of nation-state divisions and, even more, of larger regional differences.
Some trends, including the ongoing impact of the French Revolution, ran through virtually the entire 19th century. Other characteristics, however, had a shorter life span.
Some historians prefer to divide 19th-century history into relatively small chunks. Thus, — is defined by the French Revolution and Napoleon; —48 forms a period of reaction and adjustment; —71 is dominated by a new round of revolution and the unifications of the German and Italian nations; and —, an age of imperialism, is shaped by new kinds of political debate and the pressures that culminated in war.
Overriding these important markers, however, a simpler division can also be useful. Between and Europe dealt with the forces of political revolution and the first impact of the Industrial Revolution.
Between and a fuller industrial society emerged, including new forms of states and of diplomatic and military alignments. The midth century, in either formulation, looms as a particularly important point of transition within the extended 19th century.Nov 20, · Revolution and the growth of industrial society, – Developments in 19th-century Europe are bounded by two great events.
The French Revolution broke out in , and its effects reverberated throughout much of Europe for many decades. Industrialization and urbanization began long before the late 19th and early 20th centuries, but it accelerated greatly during this period because of technological innovations, social changes, and a political system increasingly apt to favor economic growth beyond any other concern.
Immigrants took part in movements like Progressivism to effect change and address the problems caused by industrialization and urbanization. Although cities were filled with a diverse mix of ethnicities, languages, and religions, immigrants shared a lot in common.
The three major factors which influence the emergence of sociology as a sphere of study began in the late eighteenth century with the French Revolution, the period known as ‘the Enlightenment’ and the industrial revolution.
People Urbanization of America Suburbs began to appear in the 18th century when wealthy people built second homes in the country to escape the crowded, sweltering city during the summer. As roads improved in the early part of the 19th century, more people built summer houses.
Suburban housing also underwent changes in the s and s. the eighteenth century was changing and becoming more complex. One of the most important changes that came about during this time was the dramatic increase in population.